Journal of Digital Imaging

, Volume 24, Issue 2, pp 352–359

Assessment of Performance and Reliability of Computer-Aided Detection Scheme Using Content-Based Image Retrieval Approach and Limited Reference Database


DOI: 10.1007/s10278-010-9281-x

Cite this article as:
Wang, X.H., Park, S.C. & Zheng, B. J Digit Imaging (2011) 24: 352. doi:10.1007/s10278-010-9281-x


Content-based image retrieval approach was used in our computer-aided detection (CAD) schemes for breast cancer detection with mammography. In this study, we assessed CAD performance and reliability using a reference database including 1500 positive (breast mass) regions of interest (ROIs) and1500 normal ROIs. To test the relationship between CAD performance and the similarity level between the queried ROI and the retrieved ROIs, we applied a set of similarity thresholds to the retrieved similar ROIs selected by the CADschemes for all queried suspicious regions, and used only the ROIs that were above the threshold for assessing CAD performance at each threshold level. Using the leave-one-out testing method, we computed areas under receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curves (AZ) to assess CAD performance. The experimental results showed that as threshold increase, (1) less true positive ROIs can be referenced in the database than normal ROIs and (2) the AZ value was monotonically increased from 0.854±0.004 to 0.932±0.016. This study suggests that (1) in order to more accurately detect and diagnose subtle masses, a large and diverse database is required, and (2) assessing the reliability of the decision scores based on the similarity measurement is important in application of the CBIR-based CAD schemes when the limited database is used.

Key words

Content-based image retrievalcomputer-aided diagnosis (CAD)cancer detectioncomputerized method

Copyright information

© Society for Imaging Informatics in Medicine 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of RadiologyUniversity of PittsburghPittsburghUSA