, Volume 10, Issue 3, pp 205-208
Date: 23 Jul 2009

Bone marrow mesenchymal stromal cells remain of recipient origin after allogeneic SCT and do not harbor the JAK2V617F mutation in patients with myelofibrosis

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The close association of the myeloproliferative neoplasms with the activating non-receptor tyrosine kinase JAK2V617F mutation is well established. To further clarify the pathomechanisms of this mutation in patients with myelofibrosis, we performed screening with quantitative real-time PCR for the respective mutation in in vitro expanded bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stromal cells (MSCs) and compared the results with BM/peripheral blood (PB). Eight patients with primary/secondary myelofibrosis were investigated before (n = 4) or after allogeneic stem cell transplantation (n = 4). All patients had systemic evidence of the JAK2V617F mutation in BM/PB (mutation ratios 0.2–23.5) at the time of investigation in contrast to negative results in the MSCs (n = 7) or a very low (0.004) mutation ratio (n = 1) which was probably due to hematopoietic contamination. The four patients post-transplant had systemic donor chimerism between 96.5 and 100% in BM/PB, while MSCs showed no evidence of donor-specific alleles. In conclusion, in myelofibrosis, the JAK2V617F mutation is restricted to hematopoietic cells, and cannot explain the stromal alterations being observed in this disorder. Further, the MSCs remain of recipient origin after allogeneic SCT, which might contribute to the increased risk of graft dysfunction or failure in myelofibrosis patients after allogeneic transplantation.