Computational modeling of vascular anastomoses
 Francesco Migliavacca,
 Gabriele Dubini
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Recent development of computational technology allows a level of knowledge of biomechanical factors in the healthy or pathological cardiovascular system that was unthinkable a few years ago. In particular, computational fluid dynamics (CFD) and computational structural (CS) analyses have been used to evaluate specific quantities, such as fluid and wall stresses and strains, which are very difficult to measure in vivo. Indeed, CFD and CS offer much more variability and resolution than in vitro and in vivo methods, yet computations must be validated by careful comparison with experimental and clinical data. The enormous parallel development of clinical imaging such as magnetic resonance or computed tomography opens a new way toward a detailed patientspecific description of the actual hemodynamics and structural behavior of living tissues. Coupling of CFD/CS and clinical images is becoming a standard evaluation that is expected to become part of the clinical practice in the diagnosis and in the surgical planning in advanced medical centers. This review focuses on computational studies of fluid and structural dynamics of a number of vascular anastomoses: the coronary bypass graft anastomoses, the arterial peripheral anastomoses, the arteriovenous graft anastomoses and the vascular anastomoses performed in the correction of congenital heart diseases.
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 Title
 Computational modeling of vascular anastomoses
 Journal

Biomechanics and Modeling in Mechanobiology
Volume 3, Issue 4 , pp 235250
 Cover Date
 20050601
 DOI
 10.1007/s1023700500702
 Print ISSN
 16177959
 Online ISSN
 16177940
 Publisher
 SpringerVerlag
 Additional Links
 Authors

 Francesco Migliavacca ^{(1)}
 Gabriele Dubini ^{(1)}
 Author Affiliations

 1. Bioengineering and Structural Engineering Departments, Laboratory of Biological Structure Mechanics, Politecnico di Milano, Piazza Leonardo da Vinci, 32, 20133, Milan, Italy