Poiesis & Praxis

, 7:291

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

A critique of Bernstein’s beyond objectivism and relativism: science, hermeneutics, and praxis

  • Jonathan MatusitzAffiliated withPartnership Center (#UP 3009), University of Central Florida, Seminole State College Email author 
  • , Eric KramerAffiliated withUniversity of Oklahoma


This analysis comments on Bernstein’s lack of clear understanding of subjectivity, based on his book, Beyond Objectivism and Relativism: Science, Hermeneutics, and Praxis. Bernstein limits his interpretation of subjectivity to thinkers such as Gadamer and Habermas. The authors analyze the ideas of classic scholars such as Edmund Husserl and Friedrich Nietzsche. Husserl put forward his notion of transcendental subjectivity and phenomenological ramifications of the relationship between subjectivity and objectivity. Nietzsche referred to subjectivity as “perspectivism,” the inescapable fact that any and all consciousnesses exist in space and time. Consciousness is fundamentally constituted of cultural, linguistic, and historical dimensions.