The European Journal of Health Economics

, Volume 12, Issue 2, pp 103–113

The effect of alcoholic beverage excise tax on alcohol-attributable injury mortalities

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10198-010-0231-9

Cite this article as:
Son, C.H. & Topyan, K. Eur J Health Econ (2011) 12: 103. doi:10.1007/s10198-010-0231-9


This study examines the effect of state excise taxes on different types of alcoholic beverages (spirits, wine, and beer) on alcohol-attributable injury mortalities—deaths caused by motor vehicle accidents, suicides, homicides, and falls—in the United States between 1995 and 2004, using state-level panel data. There is evidence that injury deaths attributable to alcohol respond differently to changes in state excise taxes on alcohol-specific beverages. This study examines the direct relationship between injury deaths and excise taxes without testing the degree of the association between excise taxes and alcohol consumption. The study finds that beer taxes are negatively related to motor vehicle accident mortality, while wine taxes are negatively associated with suicides and falls. The positive coefficient of the spirit taxes on falls implies a substitution effect between spirits and wine, suggesting that an increase in spirit tax will cause spirit buyers to purchase more wine. This study finds no evidence of a relationship between homicides and state excise taxes on alcohol. Thus, the study concludes that injury deaths attributable to alcohol respond differently to the excise taxes on different types of alcoholic beverages.


Alcohol taxExcise taxInjury deathAlcohol consumptionHomicideSuicideFalls

JEL Classifications


Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics and FinanceManhattan CollegeRiverdaleUSA
  2. 2.American University in BulgariaBlagoevgradBulgaria