, Volume 10, Issue 6, pp 389-391

Is there an inherent limit to the efficacy of calcitonin gene-related peptide receptor antagonists in the acute treatment of migraine? A comment

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Calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) receptor antagonists are a new treatment principle in acute migraine attacks. Intravenous olcegepant 2.5 mg resulted in 66% headache relief after 2 h, whereas subcutaneous sumatriptan resulted in 81–92% headache relief after 2 h. The intrinsic activity of a parenteral triptan, a 5HT1B/1D receptor agonist, is thus higher than the maximum effect of the parenteral CGRP receptor antagonist olcegepant. For the orally bioavailable CGRP antagonist telcagepant 300 mg, the headache relief was only 55% in one phase III study. These results indicate that CGRP receptor antagonism results in success in the acute treatment of migraine in only a certain fraction of the patients.