Original

The Journal of Headache and Pain

, Volume 9, Issue 5, pp 289-294

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

A face-to-face interview of participants in HUNT 3: the impact of the screening question on headache prevalence

  • Knut HagenAffiliated withDepartment of Neuroscience, Faculty of medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, St Olavs HospitalDepartment of Neurology, Norwegian National Headache Centre, St Olavs Hospital Email author 
  • , John-Anker ZwartAffiliated withDepartment of Neuroscience, Faculty of medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, St Olavs HospitalDepartment of Neurology, Ullevaal University Hospital, University of Oslo
  • , Anne Hege AamodtAffiliated withDepartment of Neuroscience, Faculty of medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, St Olavs HospitalDepartment of Neurology, Norwegian National Headache Centre, St Olavs Hospital
  • , Kristian Berhard NilsenAffiliated withDepartment of Neuroscience, Faculty of medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, St Olavs HospitalDepartment of Neurology, Norwegian National Headache Centre, St Olavs Hospital
  • , Geir BråthenAffiliated withDepartment of Neuroscience, Faculty of medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, St Olavs HospitalDepartment of Neurology, Norwegian National Headache Centre, St Olavs Hospital
  • , Grethe HeldeAffiliated withDepartment of Neuroscience, Faculty of medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, St Olavs Hospital
  • , Marit StjernAffiliated withDepartment of Neuroscience, Faculty of medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, St Olavs HospitalDepartment of Neurology, Norwegian National Headache Centre, St Olavs Hospital
  • , Erling A. TronvikAffiliated withDepartment of Neuroscience, Faculty of medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, St Olavs HospitalDepartment of Neurology, Norwegian National Headache Centre, St Olavs Hospital
  • , Lars Jacob StovnerAffiliated withDepartment of Neuroscience, Faculty of medicine, Norwegian University of Science and Technology, St Olavs HospitalDepartment of Neurology, Norwegian National Headache Centre, St Olavs Hospital

Abstract

The aim of this study was to evaluate the effect of the screening question phrasing on the 1-year prevalence figures of headache disorders, including migraine. Of a random sample of 563 invited participants in the Nord-Trøndelag Health Survey 2006–2008 in Norway, 297 (53%) met to a face-to-face interview. There were 74.1% that reported having had headache during the last year, whereas only 31.0% stated that they had suffered from headache in the same period. The 1-year prevalence of migraine was 17.2% and of tension-type headache (TTH) 51.9%. Migraine was ten times more likely (OR = 9.96, 95% CI 4.75–20.91) among those who stated that they were headache sufferers than among those who were not. Only headache sufferers had chronic TTH or medication-overuse headache. Thus “Have you suffered from headache?” can be a useful screening question in population-based questionnaire studies if the goal is to identify most migraineurs and almost all individuals with chronic headache.

Keywords

Screening Question Headache Migraine Prevalence