Journal of Ethology

, Volume 29, Issue 1, pp 177–180

A sticky situation: solifugids (Arachnida, Solifugae) use adhesive organs on their pedipalps for prey capture

Authors

    • School of Biological SciencesUniversity of Nebraska
    • Escola de Artes Ciências e HumanidadesUniversidade de São Paulo
  • Roger D. Santer
    • School of Biological SciencesUniversity of Nebraska
    • Department of Life Sciences, Schrodinger BuildingUniversity of Limerick
  • Andrew J. Spence
    • Structure and Motion Laboratory, Royal Veterinary CollegeUniversity of London
  • Eileen A. Hebets
    • School of Biological SciencesUniversity of Nebraska
Short Communication

DOI: 10.1007/s10164-010-0222-4

Cite this article as:
Willemart, R.H., Santer, R.D., Spence, A.J. et al. J Ethol (2011) 29: 177. doi:10.1007/s10164-010-0222-4

Abstract

Solifugids (Arachnida, Solifugae) have unique evertable adhesive organs on the tips of their pedipalps, named ‘suctorial’ or ‘palpal’ organs. Previous studies have shown that these organs enable solifugids to climb smooth glass-like surfaces and have hypothesized that these structures facilitate prey capture. Here, we use high-speed videography to demonstrate that the suctorial organs of Eremochelis bilobatus are its primary means of capturing insect prey. We also present calculations of the adhesive pressure exerted by these suctorial organs during real prey capture events.

Keywords

SolifugeAdhesionForagingSuctorial organPalpal organ

Supplementary material

10164_2010_222_MOESM1_ESM.ppt (2 mb)
Supplementary material 1 (PPT 2030 kb)
10164_2010_222_MOESM2_ESM.doc (158 kb)
Supplementary material 2 (DOC 158 kb)

Copyright information

© Japan Ethological Society and Springer 2010