Journal of Ethology

, Volume 28, Issue 1, pp 15–20

Bowers of the Great Bowerbird (Chlamydera nuchalis) remained unburned after fire: is this an adaptation to fire?

Authors

    • Department of Biology, Faculty of SciencesKyushu University
    • Laboratory of Animal Ecology, Department of Life SciencesRikkyo University
  • Yoko Katsuno
    • Department of Intercultural Communication, Graduate School of Social and Cultural StudiesKyushu University
  • Daisuke M. Yamashita
    • Department of Biology, Faculty of SciencesKyushu University
  • Richard Noske
    • School of Environmental and Life SciencesCharles Darwin University
  • Kazuhiro Eguchi
    • Department of Biology, Faculty of SciencesKyushu University
Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10164-009-0149-9

Cite this article as:
Mikami, O.K., Katsuno, Y., Yamashita, D.M. et al. J Ethol (2010) 28: 15. doi:10.1007/s10164-009-0149-9

Abstract

Fire plays an important role in the evolution of life-history characteristics of organisms living in fire-prone regions. Although there are many reports of plants exhibiting adaptations to reduce the harmful or lethal effects of fire, little is known about fire-resistance mechanisms among animals, other than fleeing responses. Here, we report observations that may represent a type of fire adaptation in a bird species: bowers in one population of the Great Bowerbird Chlamydera nuchalis remained unburned after fire. If a bower is destroyed by fire or other mechanisms during courtship and breeding season, the male may lose the opportunity to mate with females, thereby reducing his apparent fitness. Therefore, traits that minimise the damage to bowers from fires may be beneficial. By measuring the unburned areas surrounding bowers after fires, we showed that the survival of bowers after fires is unlikely to be solely related to chance. Our observations are consistent with the hypothesis that bower resistance to fire is an adaptation of the Great Bowerbird. However, it is also possible that unburned bowers are by-products of sexual selection.

Keywords

BowerbirdFire adaptationFire ecologyGreat Bowerbird Chlamydera nuchalisSexual selection

Copyright information

© Japan Ethological Society and Springer 2009