, Volume 15, Issue 1, pp 9-15
Date: 17 Nov 2012

Renewable hydrocarbons through biomass hydropyrolysis process: challenges and opportunities

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Abstract

Considering the current issues of carbon control and the desire to become less dependent on imported oil, the utilization of renewable hydrocarbons for the reduction of CO2 emission and production of liquid synthetic fuels/chemicals has been proposed by researchers worldwide. Efforts to make chemicals/fuels from renewable resources have escalated over the past few years. Biomass-based renewable hydrocarbons are considered to be one of the sources with the highest potential to contribute to the energy needs of modern society for both developed and developing economies worldwide. Fast pyrolysis is becoming an important thermal route to convert biomass to liquid fuels; however, the raw bio-oils obtained have a number of negative properties such as high acidity, high water content, and variable viscosity over time. To overcome this problem and produce bio-oil of good quality, process of ‘hyropyrolysis’ has been developed. The scope for using pyrolysis under hydrogen pressure and also by process of hydropyrolysis followed by in situ hydroconversion of vapors to give oils with much lower oxygen contents has been reviewed.