, Volume 13, Issue 1, pp 57-62
Date: 16 Nov 2012

Voltage-sensitive chloride ion channels in Anopheles gambiae Sua-1B cells

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In this study, we performed electrophysiological analysis of Anopheles gambiae Sua-1B cells having “neuron-like” morphologies using the patch clamp method. The recorded cells (n = 79) had processes resembling axons/dendrites, with 63 % unipolar, 22 % bipolar, and 15 % multipolar. While no inward currents were observed following step depolarizations (holding potential = −80 mV), a slowly activating outward current was observed in 96 % of the cells, especially at depolarized potentials. The amplitude of the current was attenuated nearly 70 % by reducing extracellular Cl ion concentration, or by incubating with 100 μM DIDS, a known voltage-sensitive chloride channel blocker, suggesting that the current was mediated by chloride ions. No qualitative difference was found between recordings made with Cs+ ions in the intracellular pipette solution (inhibits K+ currents) and those made with normal physiological solution, indicating a deficiency of potassium channels. Additionally, recordings made with Ca2+-free extracellular bath solution eliminated the slowly activating outward current. A subset of cells (n = 3) lacked this current, but had outward currents with voltage-dependent properties similar to those of volume-regulated chloride channels. Taken together, our results suggest that the voltage-sensitive currents observed in the majority of Sua-1B cells are mediated primarily by chloride channels of the calcium-dependent subtype.