Glutamatergic and GABAergic effects of fipronil on olfactory learning and memory in the honeybee
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- El Hassani, A.K., Dupuis, J.P., Gauthier, M. et al. Invert Neurosci (2009) 9: 91. doi:10.1007/s10158-009-0092-z
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We investigated here the role of transmissions mediated by GABA and glutamate-gated chloride channels (GluCls) in olfactory learning and memory in honeybees, both of these channels being a target for fipronil. To do so, we combined olfactory conditioning with injections of either the GABA- and glutamate-interfering fipronil alone, or in combination with the blocker of glutamate transporter l-trans-Pyrrolidine-2,4-Dicarboxylicacid (l-trans-PDC), or the GABA analog Trans-4-Aminocrotonic Acid (TACA). Our results show that a low dose of fipronil (0.1 ng/bee) impaired olfactory memory, while a higher dose (0.5 ng/bee) had no effect. The detrimental effect induced by the low dose of fipronil was rescued by the coinjection of l-trans-PDC but was rather increased by the coinjection of TACA. Moreover, using whole-cell patch-clamp recordings, we observed that l-trans-PDC reduced glutamate-induced chloride currents in antennal lobe cells. We interpret these results as reflecting the involvement of both GluCl and GABA receptors in the impairment of olfactory memory induced by fipronil.