Use of the ImmuKnow assay to evaluate the effect of alemtuzumab-depleting induction therapy on cell-mediated immune function after renal transplantation
- First Online:
- Cite this article as:
- Zhou, H., Lin, J., Chen, S. et al. Clin Exp Nephrol (2013) 17: 304. doi:10.1007/s10157-012-0688-1
- 186 Downloads
Good outcomes after renal transplantation are dependent on effective immunosuppression while minimizing infection. Alemtuzumab (Campath or Campath-1H) is an anti-CD52 humanized monoclonal IgG1 antibody which induces rapid and sustained depletion of circulating lymphocytes and has been effectively used as an immunosuppressant in post-transplant induction therapy.
We used the ImmuKnow assay to compare cell-mediated immune function in renal transplant patients treated with alemtuzumab or with conventional immunosuppressive tri-therapy. The ImmuKnow method determines the levels of adenosine triphosphate (ATP) released from CD4 cells following stimulation with a mitogen.
We showed a statistically significant difference in the distribution of outcome after transplantation between the conventional and the Campath groups (P = 0.010). A significantly higher number of patients treated with alemtuzumab induction therapy were stable after transplantation compared to those treated with conventional immunosuppressive tri-therapy (96.6 vs. 75.7 %). ATP values were significantly higher in the conventional group compared to the Campath group at 180 days after transplantation (P < 0.001). ATP levels did not change significantly over time in clinically stable kidney recipients treated with alemtuzumab induction therapy (P = 0.554).
The ImmuKnow assay is a useful tool for evaluating the global immune response in alemtuzumab-treated renal transplant patients. Alemtuzumab-depleting induction therapy remains effective for at least 180 days.