A case of adefovir-induced membranous nephropathy related to hepatitis B caused by lamivudine-resistant virus after liver transplant due to Byler’s disease
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- Ebata, S., Hashimoto, S., Suzuki, A. et al. Clin Exp Nephrol (2012) 16: 805. doi:10.1007/s10157-012-0680-9
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We report on how adefovir-induced membranous nephropathy related to hepatitis B was caused by lamivudine-resistant virus after a liver transplant due to Byler’s disease. In 1980, a 2-year-old girl was diagnosed with Byler’s disease (familial progressive familial intrahepatic cholestasis). In 1994 (at the age of 14 years) she underwent a liver transplant with her father as the donor. In 2003, hematuria and proteinuria appeared and shortly afterwards her renal function rapidly decreased. A renal biopsy showed atypical membranous nephropathy, which suggested the possibility of a secondary renal disease. The patient had suffered from chronic hepatitis type B (HBV). In 2001 she was administered lamivudine which is an antiviral drug; it was around this time that hematuria and proteinuria appeared as well as an increase of the virus titer. We believed the HBV-related membranous nephropathy was the cause of the virus titer and the renal histology. We concluded that the patient’s condition had become resistant to lamivudine medication. Therefore, in February 2004 we administered adefovir, a new drug at the time, to treat the HBV. In April 2004, the HB virus titer decreased and the hematuria and proteinuria decreased. The patient’s renal function also showed improvement. HBV-associated nephropathy is caused by HBV antigen deposition in the glomeruli. Generally the first choice of treatment is antivirus therapy. There are many reports demonstrating that administration of interferon and lamivudine are effective; however, there are few reports that show adefovir as an effective treatment for HBV-associated nephropathy.