Techniques in Coloproctology

, Volume 17, Issue 1, pp 89–94

Sexual function and quality of life after surgical treatment for anal fistulas in Crohn’s disease

  • S. Riss
  • K. Schwameis
  • M. Mittlböck
  • M. Pones
  • H. Vogelsang
  • W. Reinisch
  • M. Riedl
  • A. Stift
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10151-012-0890-x

Cite this article as:
Riss, S., Schwameis, K., Mittlböck, M. et al. Tech Coloproctol (2013) 17: 89. doi:10.1007/s10151-012-0890-x

Abstract

Background

The aim of this study was to assess sexual function and quality of life (QoL) in patients after surgery for perianal Crohn’s disease.

Methods

Eighty-eight consecutive patients with perianal Crohn’s disease, operated on at the Medical University of Vienna, completed a self-administered questionnaire including the International Index of Erectile Function (IIEF), Female Sexual Function Index (FSFI), Short Form-12 Health Survey (SF-12), and the Inflammatory Bowel Disease Questionnaire (IBDQ). Patients with a current stoma were excluded from further analysis. The median follow-up time was 104 months (range 3–186 months). Healthy subjects served as controls for each case and were matched by age (±6 years) and gender. Forty-seven (68 %) female and 22 male patients with a median age of 46.5 years (range 18–64 years) were analyzed. Eleven (16 %) patients had simple and 58 (84 %) complex anal fistulas.

Results

The median SF-12 physical health score of the patients was significantly lower (47.9 (range 25.5–57.2)) than that of the controls (54.3 (range 34.6–61.8); p = 0.03). Not surprisingly, the median total sore of the IBDQ of the controls was significantly better than that of the patients (controls: 188.5 (range 125–206.5), patients: 157 (range 60–199.5); p < 0.0001). Analysis with the multiple logistic regression test showed that type of operation, >1 perianal fistula opening, and active Crohn’s disease were independent risk factors for a worse IBDQ (p = 0.03, p = 0.015 and p < 0.0001). Interestingly, the median FSFI and IIEF score were not found to be significant different in any domain.

Conclusions

QoL but not sexual function is significantly influenced by surgery for perianal Crohn’s disease.

Keywords

Perianal Crohn’s diseaseQuality of lifeSexual function

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • S. Riss
    • 1
  • K. Schwameis
    • 1
  • M. Mittlböck
    • 2
  • M. Pones
    • 1
  • H. Vogelsang
    • 3
  • W. Reinisch
    • 3
  • M. Riedl
    • 1
  • A. Stift
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of General SurgeryMedical University of ViennaViennaAustria
  2. 2.Center for Medical Statistics, Informatics and Intelligent SystemsViennaAustria
  3. 3.Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Department of Internal Medicine IIIViennaAustria