International Journal of Clinical Oncology

, Volume 18, Issue 3, pp 428–434

Sentinel lymph node biopsy for cutaneous melanoma: results of 10 years’ experience in two regional training hospitals in the Netherlands

  • Frank J. van den Broek
  • Pim C. Sloots
  • Jan-Willem D. de Waard
  • Rudi M. Roumen
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10147-012-0399-3

Cite this article as:
van den Broek, F.J., Sloots, P.C., de Waard, J.D. et al. Int J Clin Oncol (2013) 18: 428. doi:10.1007/s10147-012-0399-3

Abstract

Background and objective

The Multicenter Selective Lymphadenectomy Trial (MSLT-I) demonstrated that the sentinel node (SN) status in cutaneous melanoma affects prognosis and that completion lymphadenectomy in SN-positive patients may improve survival. Our objective was to evaluate sentinel lymph node biopsy (SLNB) in two regional hospitals in the Netherlands.

Methods

Patients with localized melanoma were planned for wide excision and SLNB. Completion lymphadenectomy was recommended for positive SN status. Data were compared with the MSLT-I.

Results

A median of 2 (1–7) SNs were identified in 305 patients and complications occurred in 11%. Fifty-four patients (18%) demonstrated SN metastases and 45 underwent completion lymphadenectomy (20% additional metastases). Six patients with initially negative SN developed lymph node metastases (sensitivity 90%). Overall disease-free survival was 83% (SN-negative 91% vs. SN-positive 41%; p < 0.001) and melanoma-specific survival was 93% (SN-negative 97% vs. SN-positive 62%; p < 0.001). Multivariate regression analysis revealed the SN status to be the most significant predictor for recurrence and melanoma-related death.

Conclusion

Our results of SLNB are comparable to data from high-volume centers participating in MSLT-I. From a patient perspective, the false-negative SN rate of 10% and complication rate of 11% should be weighed against being informed about prognosis and having a possible therapeutic benefit from completion lymphadenectomy.

Keywords

MelanomaSentinel lymph node biopsyNeoplasm stagingLymphatic metastasisSurvival analysisSkin neoplasms

Abbreviations

SN

Sentinel node

SLNB

Sentinel lymph node biopsy

LND

Lymph node dissection

DFS

Disease-free survival

DSS

Disease-specific survival

Copyright information

© Japan Society of Clinical Oncology 2012

Authors and Affiliations

  • Frank J. van den Broek
    • 1
  • Pim C. Sloots
    • 2
  • Jan-Willem D. de Waard
    • 1
  • Rudi M. Roumen
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of SurgeryWestfries GasthuisHoornThe Netherlands
  2. 2.Department of SurgeryMáxima Medical CentreVeldhovenThe Netherlands