International Journal of Clinical Oncology

, Volume 11, Issue 1, pp 22–27

Early renal cell cancer


DOI: 10.1007/s10147-005-0551-4

Cite this article as:
Tomita, Y. Int J Clin Oncol (2006) 11: 22. doi:10.1007/s10147-005-0551-4


Renal cell cancer (RCC) mostly arises from the proximal renal tubules and is classified as an adenocarcinoma. The most reliable treatment for RCC is surgical excision; chemotherapy or radiotherapy does not have a practical effect on RCC. In selected patients, immunotherapy, including cytokine administration, has survival benefits. There is no established definition of early RCC. Surgical removal of organ-confined disease (T1 and T2) is likely to achieve tumor-free status leading to good prognosis. Possible definitions, diagnosis and treatment options for T1 and T2 disease are discussed.

Key words

Renal cell cancerTNM classificationRadical nephrectomyNephron-sparing surgery

Copyright information

© The Japan Society of Clinical Oncology 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Urology, Course of Metabolic and Regenerative MedicineYamagata University Faculty of MedicineYamagataJapan