, Volume 13, Issue 2, pp 151-162

Identification and Analysis of Muscle-Related Protein Isoforms Expressed in the White Muscle of the Mandarin Fish (Siniperca chuatsi)

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Abstract

To identify muscle-related protein isoforms expressed in the white muscle of the mandarin fish Siniperca chuatsi, we analyzed 5,063 high-quality expressed sequence tags (ESTs) from white muscle cDNA library and predicted the integrity of the clusters annotated to these genes and the physiochemical properties of the putative polypeptides with full length. Up to about 33% of total ESTs were annotated to muscle-related proteins: myosin, actin, tropomyosin/troponin complex, parvalbumin, and Sarcoplasmic/endoplasmic reticulum calcium ATPase (SERCa). Thirty-two isoforms were identified and more than one isoform existed in each of these proteins. Among these isoforms, 14 putative polypeptides were with full length. In addition, about 2% of total ESTs were significantly homologous to “glue” molecules such as alpha-actinins, myosin-binding proteins, myomesin, tropomodulin, cofilin, profilin, twinfilins, coronin-1, and nebulin, which were required for the integrity and maintenance of the muscle sarcomere. The results demonstrated that multiple isoforms of major muscle-related proteins were expressed in S. chuatsi white muscle. The analysis on these isoforms and other proteins sequences will greatly aid our systematic understanding of the high flexibility of mandarin fish white muscle at molecular level and expand the utility of fish systems as models for the muscle genetic control and function.

Guoqing Zhang and Wuying Chu contributed equally to this work.