Invited Review

Marine Biotechnology

, 11:431

First online:

Open Access This content is freely available online to anyone, anywhere at any time.

Boron and Marine Life: A New Look at an Enigmatic Bioelement

  • Carl J. CarranoAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, San Diego State University
  • , Stephen SchellenbergAffiliated withDepartment of Geological Sciences, San Diego State University
  • , Shady A. AminAffiliated withDepartment of Chemistry and Biochemistry, San Diego State University
  • , David H. GreenAffiliated withMicrobial and Molecular Biology, The Scottish Association for Marine Science
  • , Frithjof C. KüpperAffiliated withMicrobial and Molecular Biology, The Scottish Association for Marine Science Email author 

Abstract

On the occasion of the 200th anniversary of the discovery of boron, we review the oceanic biogeochemistry of boron as well as suitable analytical techniques for its determination. This overview includes aspects of biogeochemistry including geochemical stable isotope variations, uptake, transport, storage, nutritional value, toxicity, and distribution within biological materials, providing a framework for discussion of the role of boron in marine organisms, which remains largely enigmatic.

Keywords

AI-2 Algae Boromycin Boron Nutrient Biogeochemical cycles Paleo-pH Stable isotopes Toxicity Vibrioferrin Transport