Repair of UVB-Damaged Skin by the Antioxidant Sulphated Flavone Glycoside Thalassiolin B Isolated from the Marine Plant Thalassia testudinum Banks ex König
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- Regalado, E.L., Rodríguez, M., Menéndez, R. et al. Mar Biotechnol (2009) 11: 74. doi:10.1007/s10126-008-9123-8
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Daily topical application of the aqueous ethanolic extract of the marine sea grass, Thalassia testudinum, on mice skin exposed to UVB radiation resulted in a dose-dependent recovery of the skin macroscopic alterations over a 6-day period. Maximal effect (90%) occurred at a dose of 240 μg/cm2, with no additional effects at higher doses. Bioassay-guided fractionation of the plant extract resulted in the isolation of thalassiolin B (1). Topical application of 1 (240 μg/cm2) markedly reduces skin UVB-induced damage. In addition, thalassiolin B scavenged 2,2-diphenyl-2-picrylhydrazyl radical with an EC50 = 100 μg/ml. These results suggest that thalassiolin B is responsible for the skin-regenerating effects of the crude extract of T. testudinum.