, Volume 8, Issue 6, pp 663-671
Date: 16 Aug 2006

Tissue Distribution, Effects of Salinity Acclimation, and Ontogeny of Aquaporin 3 in the Marine Teleost, Silver Sea Bream (Sparus sarba)

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Abstract

The purpose of the present study was to ascertain the tissue-specific expression of the water channel protein, aquaporin 3 (AQP3), during salinity acclimation and larval development of silver sea bream (Sparus sarba). A cDNA fragment encoding aquaporin 3 (aqp3) from silver sea bream gill was cloned and from the deduced amino acid sequence a polyclonal antibody was prepared. AQP3 was found to be present in gill, kidney, liver, brain, heart, and spleen but not in whole blood. The abundance of AQP3 was significantly highest in gills of hypoosmotic (6 ppt) and isoosmotic (12 ppt) acclimated sea bream when compared to seawater (33 ppt) and hypersaline (50 ppt)- acclimated sea bream. Spleen tissue also displayed significantly high levels of AQP3 protein in hypoosmotic and isoosmotic salinities whereas the AQP3 abundance in brain, liver, heart, and kidney remained unchanged across the range of salinities tested. The ontogenetic profile of AQP3 was also investigated from developing sea bream larvae and AQP3 was first detected at 14 days posthatch (dph) and increased steadily up to 28–46 dph. In conclusion, this study has demonstrated that AQP3 expression is modulated in gill and spleen tissue of salinity acclimated sea bream and that it can be detected relatively early during larval development.