, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 302-309
Date: 28 Jun 2013

Treatment selection for gastric cancer with portal hypertension: clinical management

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Abstract

Background

Treatment for gastric cancer with portal hypertension must consider the eradication of the tumor and the change of hemodynamics in portal hypertension (PHT). Few reports have described the surgical procedures and postoperative complications of surgery for gastric cancer associated with PHT.

Methods

The clinical data of 22 patients with PHT undergoing curative surgery for gastric cancer during 5 years were retrospectively analyzed. For 12 patients classified in Child’s class A, D2 lymph node (LN) dissection was performed, and 10 patients classified into Child’s class B were treated with D1 LN dissection. Surgical treatment included total gastrectomy combined with pericardial devascularization, distal subtotal gastrectomy, distal subtotal gastrectomy combined with splenectomy, and distal subtotal gastrectomy combined with pericardial devascularization with posterior gastric artery and left inferior phrenic artery preserved. A liver biopsy was analyzed in all patients.

Results

Postoperative complications developed in 50 % (11/22 patients) and the mortality rate was 9 % (2/22). The rate of postoperative ascites in patients with Child’s class A was much lower than in those with Child’s class B (P < 0.05). “Operation time,” “volume of hemorrhage,” “platelet count,” and “treatment of PHT” are all risk factors of liver function deterioration. However, there was no significant difference in liver function deterioration rate between patients with Child’s class A and Child’s class B (P > 0.05). The occurrence rate of complications in patients with PHT was much higher compared to those without with PHT (P < 0.05).

Conclusions

Individualized selection of surgical approaches is crucial for treatment of gastric carcinoma accompanied by PHT. Surgical treatment should be based on preoperative TNM stage, liver function, and degree of PHT.

Z.-X. Jin and Y.-Y. Ma contributed equally to this work.