, Volume 16, Issue 1, pp 48-55
Date: 24 Feb 2012

Fluoropyrimidine plus cisplatin for patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer with peritoneal metastasis

Abstract

Background

There are few data on the efficacy of combination chemotherapy with a fluoropyrimidine plus cisplatin for patients with advanced or recurrent gastric cancer (AGC) complicated by peritoneal metastasis, especially massive ascites.

Methods

We retrospectively evaluated the efficacy and safety of a fluoropyrimidine (S-1 or capecitabine) plus cisplatin as first-line chemotherapy in 120 patients with AGC and peritoneal metastasis.

Results

Ascites was detected in 50 patients, with 11 patients having massive ascites. Median progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) of all patients was 6.1 and 15.9 months, respectively. The PFS and OS were shorter in patients with massive ascites (n = 11; 3.7 and 9.5 months) compared with patients with small or moderate ascites (n = 39; 5.8 and 13.5 months) or patients without ascites (n = 70; 6.9 and 18.1 months). The objective response in terms of ascites was similar whether ascites was massive (4 of 11 patients; 36.4%) or small or moderate (16 of 39 patients; 41%). The frequencies of grade 3 or higher toxicity or treatment discontinuation due to toxicity are relatively similar across ascites groups.

Conclusions

Fluoropyrimidine plus cisplatin appears to be tolerated in selected patients with peritoneal metastasis.