Knowledge and Information Systems

, Volume 27, Issue 1, pp 45–84

Strategies for contextual reasoning with conflicts in ambient intelligence


    • Institute of Computer Science, FO.R.T.H.
  • Grigoris Antoniou
    • Institute of Computer Science, FO.R.T.H.
  • Panayiotis Hasapis
    • Department of InformaticsAthens University of Economics and Business
Regular Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10115-010-0293-0

Cite this article as:
Bikakis, A., Antoniou, G. & Hasapis, P. Knowl Inf Syst (2011) 27: 45. doi:10.1007/s10115-010-0293-0


Ambient Intelligence environments host various agents that collect, process, change and share the available context information. The imperfect nature of context, the open and dynamic nature of such environments and the special characteristics of ambient agents have introduced new research challenges in the study of Distributed Artificial Intelligence. This paper proposes a solution based on the Multi-Context Systems paradigm, according to which local knowledge of ambient agents is encoded in rule theories (contexts), and information flow between agents is achieved through mapping rules that associate concepts used by different contexts. To resolve potential inconsistencies that may arise from the interaction of contexts through their mappings (global conflicts), we use a preference ordering on the system contexts, which may express the confidence that an agent has in the knowledge imported by other agents. On top of this model, we have developed four alternative strategies for global conflicts resolution, which mainly differ in the type and extent of context and preference information that is used to resolve potential conflicts. The four strategies have been respectively implemented in four versions of a distributed algorithm for query evaluation and evaluated in a simulated P2P system.


Distributed reasoningContextual reasoningReasoning with preferencesAmbient intelligenceMulti-context systems

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010