Journal of Geographical Systems

, Volume 14, Issue 1, pp 5–28

Dynamic spatial panels: models, methods, and inferences

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10109-011-0158-4

Cite this article as:
Elhorst, J.P. J Geogr Syst (2012) 14: 5. doi:10.1007/s10109-011-0158-4


This paper provides a survey of the existing literature on the specification and estimation of dynamic spatial panel data models, a collection of models for spatial panels extended to include one or more of the following variables and/or error terms: a dependent variable lagged in time, a dependent variable lagged in space, a dependent variable lagged in both space and time, independent variables lagged in time, independent variables lagged in space, serial error autocorrelation, spatial error autocorrelation, spatial-specific and time-period-specific effects. The survey also examines the reasoning behind different model specifications and the purposes for which they can be used, which should be useful for practitioners.


Dynamic effectsSpatial spillover effectsIdentificationEstimation methodsStationarity conditions

JEL Classification


Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Economics and EconometricsUniversity of GroningenGroningenThe Netherlands