An efficient algorithm for globally minimizing a quadratic function under convex quadratic constraints
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- Hoai An, L. Math. Program. (2000) 87: 401. doi:10.1007/s101070050003
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In this paper we investigate two approaches to minimizing a quadratic form subject to the intersection of finitely many ellipsoids. The first approach is the d.c. (difference of convex functions) optimization algorithm (abbr. DCA) whose main tools are the proximal point algorithm and/or the projection subgradient method in convex minimization. The second is a branch-and-bound scheme using Lagrangian duality for bounding and ellipsoidal bisection in branching. The DCA was first introduced by Pham Dinh in 1986 for a general d.c. program and later developed by our various work is a local method but, from a good starting point, it provides often a global solution. This motivates us to combine the DCA and our branch and bound algorithm in order to obtain a good initial point for the DCA and to prove the globality of the DCA. In both approaches we attempt to use the ellipsoidal constrained quadratic programs as the main subproblems. The idea is based upon the fact that these programs can be efficiently solved by some available (polynomial and nonpolynomial time) algorithms, among them the DCA with restarting procedure recently proposed by Pham Dinh and Le Thi has been shown to be the most robust and fast for large-scale problems. Several numerical experiments with dimension up to 200 are given which show the effectiveness and the robustness of the DCA and the combined DCA-branch-and-bound algorithm.