Lasers in Medical Science

, Volume 28, Issue 2, pp 683–692

Laser treatment for retinopathy of prematurity

  • Samuel K. Houston
  • Charles C. Wykoff
  • Audina M. Berrocal
  • Ditte J. Hess
  • Timothy G. Murray
Review Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10103-011-1021-z

Cite this article as:
Houston, S.K., Wykoff, C.C., Berrocal, A.M. et al. Lasers Med Sci (2013) 28: 683. doi:10.1007/s10103-011-1021-z

Abstract

Retinal development involves a complex coordination of events that may be affected by premature delivery, leading to retinopathy of prematurity (ROP), a potential blinding childhood disease. The avascular retina drives further disease progression, with laser ablation reducing unfavorable anatomic outcomes as well as maintaining visual acuity. Trials have stressed the importance of early identification and treatment of threshold and high-risk prethreshold disease to improve outcomes. Retinal ablation with laser photocoagulation should involve entire treatment of avascular retina with a confluent laser spot density, avoiding skip lesions. The current review highlights the use of laser photocoagulation in the treatment of ROP.

Keywords

Retinopathy of prematurity Laser photocoagulation Retina Hypoxia Angiogenesis 

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Ltd 2011

Authors and Affiliations

  • Samuel K. Houston
    • 1
  • Charles C. Wykoff
    • 1
  • Audina M. Berrocal
    • 1
  • Ditte J. Hess
    • 1
  • Timothy G. Murray
    • 1
  1. 1.Bascom Palmer Eye InstituteUniversity of Miami School of MedicineMiamiUSA

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