A Case of Disseminated Histoplasmosis Likely due to Infection from a Liver Allograft

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Abstract

 Disseminated histoplasmosis in immunosuppressed patients rarely occurs in nonendemic areas. Reported here is a case of disseminated histoplasmosis in a patient who had undergone orthotopic liver transplantation and had never traveled outside of France. The infection was most likely transmitted via the liver allograft, since the organ donor had lived in an area highly endemic for the disease (French Guiana) 20 years earlier. Two years post-transplantation, none of the other patients who received allografts (heart, cornea, kidneys) from the same donor had developed signs of infection.