Date: 16 Aug 2012

Indirect population impact of universal PCV7 vaccination of children in a 2 + 1 schedule on the incidence of pneumonia morbidity in Kielce, Poland

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Abstract

The aim of this study was an analysis of the population effects of a seven-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV7) on pneumonia incidence rates in the 5-year follow-up period after the introduction in 2006 of a universal PCV7 vaccination programme in the city of Kielce, Poland. Vaccinations were carried out according to a 2 + 1 schedule. The vaccination compliance rate amounted to approximately 99 %. The age groups 0–2, 30–49, 50–65 and 65+ years were analysed. The Cochran–Armitage test was used to investigate the significance of observed trends in pneumonia morbidity. The significance of deviations from a linear trend was also tested. The importance of the trend was confirmed by the Mantel test. Between 2005 and 2010, the greatest decline, 82.9 % (2005, 25.31/1,000; 2010, 4.34/1,000), in pneumonia morbidity was observed for children <2 years of age. In the 65+ years age group, this amounted to 43.5 %. Lesser declines, but still of statistical significance, were observed for the other age groups: 16.5 % in the 30–49 years group and 40.4 % in the 50–64 years group. All reductions are statistically significant and confirmed by the Mantel test. Five years after the introduction of a universal PCV7 vaccination programme in Kielce, Poland, its effectiveness in pneumonia prevention has been demonstrated in both the <2 years of age group and indirectly for other groups.