Mycobacterium malmoense lymphadenitis in Spain: first two cases in immunocompetent patients
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- López-Calleja, A.I., Lezcano, M.A., Samper, S. et al. Eur J Clin Microbiol Infect Dis (2004) 23: 567. doi:10.1007/s10096-004-1142-4
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Reported here are two cases of Mycobacterium malmoense lymphadenitis that occurred in two immunocompetent children in Spain. To the best of our knowledge, these are the first documented cases of extrapulmonary infection by M. malmoense in Spain. This report serves to draw attention to this emerging nontuberculous mycobacterium that is gaining increasing recognition as a pulmonary and extrapulmonary pathogen in different countries.