PARK6 is a common cause of familial parkinsonism
- Cite this article as:
- Valente, E., Brancati, F., Caputo, V. et al. Neurol Sci (2002) 23(Suppl 2): s117. doi:10.1007/s100720200097
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The Parkin gene is responsible for about 50% of autosomal recessive juvenile parkinsonism (ARJP) and less than 20% of sporadic early onset cases. We recently mapped a novel ARJP locus (PARK6) on chromosome 1p. Linkage to PARK6 was confirmed in 8 families from 4 different European countries. These families share some clinical features with the European Parkin-positive cases, with a wide range of ages at onset and slow progression. However, features typical of ARJP, such as dystonia and sleep benefit, were not observed, making the clinical presentation of late-onset cases indistinguishable from that of idiopathic PD. The determination of the smallest region of homozygosity in one consanguineous family allowed reducing the candidate interval to 9 cM. PARK6 appears to be an important locus for ARJP in Europe.