Neurological Sciences

, Volume 35, Issue 10, pp 1495–1504

The association between the LRRK2 G2385R variant and the risk of Parkinson’s disease: a meta-analysis based on 23 case–control studies

  • Cheng-long Xie
  • Jia-Lin Pan
  • Wen-Wen Wang
  • Yu Zhang
  • Su-fang Zhang
  • Jing Gan
  • Zhen-Guo Liu
Review Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10072-014-1878-2

Cite this article as:
Xie, C., Pan, J., Wang, W. et al. Neurol Sci (2014) 35: 1495. doi:10.1007/s10072-014-1878-2

Abstract

Clinical diagnosis of Parkinson’s disease (PD) is essential but misdiagnosis of PD-like diseases is quite common. LRRK2 G2385R variants have been extensively examined for the association to the risk of Parkinson’s disease. However, results from different studies are inconsistent. The purpose of this meta-analysis was to assess the association between the LRRK2 G2385R variants and the risk of PD. A systematic literature search was performed for 6 databases up to January of 2014 to identify case–control studies involving LRRK2 G2385R variants and the risk of PD. A total of 12,915 cases and 12,451 controls in 23 case–control studies were included in this meta-analysis. The results indicated that the variant A allele carriers (GA + AA) increased risk of PD when compared with the homozygote GG (GA + AA vs. GG: OR = 2.4, 95 % CI = 1.97 to 2.92, P < 0.00001). In the subgroup analysis by ethnicity, increased risks were identified among Chinese (OR = 2.69, 95 % CI = 2.1–3.45, P < 0.00001) as well as in non-Chinese (OR = 2.17, 95 % CI 1.75–2.69, P < 0.00001). In the subgroup analysis by age of onset, significant associations were found in both later-onset PD (LOPD) and early-onset PD (EOPD) cases. And there was no significant difference of the allele frequency between patients with LOPD and EOPD (OR = 1.18, 95 % CI = 0.77–1.80, P = 0.45). Our results suggest that the LRRK2 G2385R variants contribute to the susceptibility of PD especially in Chinese PD. Meanwhile, it is possible that age is not the risk factor to facilitate G2385R gene mutation.

Keywords

Parkinson’s diseaseLRRK2G2385RPolymorphismMeta-analysis

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Italia 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Cheng-long Xie
    • 1
  • Jia-Lin Pan
    • 2
  • Wen-Wen Wang
    • 3
  • Yu Zhang
    • 1
  • Su-fang Zhang
    • 1
  • Jing Gan
    • 1
  • Zhen-Guo Liu
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of NeurologyXinhua Hospital, Affiliated to Shanghai Jiaotong University School of MedicineShanghaiPeople’s Republic of China
  2. 2.Department of CardiologyThe Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical UniversityWenzhouPeople’s Republic of China
  3. 3.The Center of Traditional Chinese Medicine, the Second Affiliated Hospital of Wenzhou Medical UniversityWenzhouChina