Neurological Sciences

, 30:499

Effects of treadmill training on walking economy in Parkinson’s disease: a pilot study

Authors

  • Elisa Pelosin
    • Department of Neurosciences, Ophthalmology and GenticsUniversity of Genoa
    • Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human PhysiologyUniversity of Genoa
    • Centro Polifunzionale di Scienze MotorieUniversity of Genoa
  • Emanuela Faelli
    • Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human PhysiologyUniversity of Genoa
    • Centro Polifunzionale di Scienze MotorieUniversity of Genoa
  • Francesco Lofrano
    • Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human PhysiologyUniversity of Genoa
    • Centro Polifunzionale di Scienze MotorieUniversity of Genoa
  • Laura Avanzino
    • Department of Neurosciences, Ophthalmology and GenticsUniversity of Genoa
    • Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human PhysiologyUniversity of Genoa
    • Centro Polifunzionale di Scienze MotorieUniversity of Genoa
  • Lucio Marinelli
    • Department of Neurosciences, Ophthalmology and GenticsUniversity of Genoa
    • Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human PhysiologyUniversity of Genoa
    • Centro Polifunzionale di Scienze MotorieUniversity of Genoa
  • Marco Bove
    • Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human PhysiologyUniversity of Genoa
    • Centro Polifunzionale di Scienze MotorieUniversity of Genoa
  • Piero Ruggeri
    • Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human PhysiologyUniversity of Genoa
    • Centro Polifunzionale di Scienze MotorieUniversity of Genoa
    • Department of Neurosciences, Ophthalmology and GenticsUniversity of Genoa
    • Department of Experimental Medicine, Section of Human PhysiologyUniversity of Genoa
    • Centro Polifunzionale di Scienze MotorieUniversity of Genoa
Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10072-009-0141-8

Cite this article as:
Pelosin, E., Faelli, E., Lofrano, F. et al. Neurol Sci (2009) 30: 499. doi:10.1007/s10072-009-0141-8
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Abstract

Gait disturbances are frequent in Parkinson’s disease (PD) and are associated with increased energy expenditure during walking. This study evaluated whether the effects of treadmill training are associated with an improvement of walking economy. Ten patients with idiopathic PD underwent treadmill training (30 min, three times a week for 4 weeks). Walking performance (Τimed Up and Go, 6-min and 10-m walking tests) and metabolic function (oxygen uptake, heart and respiratory rate) were evaluated before training, at the end of treatment and after 30 days with two different graded exercises (treadmill and cycloergometer). Training significantly improved walking performance. Oxygen uptake, and heart and respiratory rates were significantly decreased only during graded exercise on the treadmill, but not on the cycloergometer. Treadmill training reduces energy expenditure during walking in PD, but the improvements of metabolic walking economy are associated with the specifically trained motor activity.

Keywords

Parkinson’s diseaseGaitEnergy expenditureWalking economyTreadmill training

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag 2009