Animal Cognition

, Volume 19, Issue 2, pp 263–269

Do as I … Did! Long-term memory of imitative actions in dogs (Canis familiaris)

Original Paper

DOI: 10.1007/s10071-015-0931-8

Cite this article as:
Fugazza, C., Pogány, Á. & Miklósi, Á. Anim Cogn (2016) 19: 263. doi:10.1007/s10071-015-0931-8

Abstract

This study demonstrates long-term declarative memory of imitative actions in a non-human animal species. We tested 12 pet dogs for their ability to imitate human actions after retention intervals ranging from 1 to 24 h. For comparison, another 12 dogs were tested for the same actions without delay between demonstration and recall. Our test consisted of a modified version of the Do as I Do paradigm, combined with the two-action procedure to control for non-imitative processes. Imitative performance of dogs remained consistently high independent of increasing retention intervals, supporting the idea that dogs are able to retain mental representations of human actions for an extended period of time. The ability to imitate after such delays supports the use of long-term declarative memory.

Keywords

Long-term memoryDeferred imitationDeclarative memoryLong-term recallDogs

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg 2015

Authors and Affiliations

  • Claudia Fugazza
    • 1
  • Ákos Pogány
    • 1
  • Ádám Miklósi
    • 1
    • 2
  1. 1.Department of EthologyEötvös Loránd UniversityBudapestHungary
  2. 2.MTA-ELTE Comparative Ethology Research GroupBudapestHungary