Animal Cognition

, Volume 12, Issue 5, pp 751–754

How great is great ape foresight?


    • School of PsychologyUniversity of Queensland
  • Michael C. Corballis
    • University of Auckland
  • Emma Collier-Baker
    • School of PsychologyUniversity of Queensland

DOI: 10.1007/s10071-009-0253-9

Cite this article as:
Suddendorf, T., Corballis, M.C. & Collier-Baker, E. Anim Cogn (2009) 12: 751. doi:10.1007/s10071-009-0253-9


Osvath and Osvath (Anim Cogn 11: 661–674, 2008) report innovative studies with two chimpanzees and one orangutan that suggest some capacity to select and keep a tool for use about an hour later. This is a welcome contribution to a small, but rapidly growing, field. Here we point out some of the weaknesses in the current data and caution the interpretation the authors advance. It is not clear to what extent the apes really engaged in any foresight in these studies.


Great apesForesightMental time travelEpisodic memoryBischof-Köhler hypothesisProspection

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© Springer-Verlag 2009