Food Science and Biotechnology

, Volume 23, Issue 3, pp 895–902

Chemical properties and in vivo gastric protective effects of bamboo salt

  • Xin Zhao
  • Jia-Le Song
  • Ok-Sang Jung
  • Yaung-Iee Lim
  • Kun-Young Park
Research Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10068-014-0120-6

Cite this article as:
Zhao, X., Song, J., Jung, O. et al. Food Sci Biotechnol (2014) 23: 895. doi:10.1007/s10068-014-0120-6
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Abstract

Bamboo salt chemical properties and in vivo gastric protective effects were evaluated. Scanning electron microscopy revealed the diameter of 9× bamboo salt was approximately 5 μm, the smallest of all samples. The Ca, Mg, Fe, Mn, P, S, and K levels of bamboo salts were higher than for common salts. X-ray diffraction and X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy analyses showed bamboo salts had a complex structure composed of NaCl, KCl, and MgCl2. Bamboo salt structure complexity increased with increased baking times. Purified, solar, and 1× bamboo salt inhibited gastric injury by 19.3%, 28.0%, and 77.8% in Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats, respectively. The 9× bamboo salt showed a high rate of gastric injury inhibition (98.7%). The effect of omeprazole was 99.3%. Bamboo salts reduced gastric secretion and increased gastric juice pH by increased mineral and phytochemical contents, and increased antioxidant activities. Bamboo salt can be used as a functional food to protect against gastric injury.

Keywords

bamboo saltmineralgastric injury

Copyright information

© The Korean Society of Food Science and Technology and Springer Science+Business Media Dordrecht 2014

Authors and Affiliations

  • Xin Zhao
    • 1
    • 3
  • Jia-Le Song
    • 1
  • Ok-Sang Jung
    • 2
  • Yaung-Iee Lim
    • 4
  • Kun-Young Park
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Food Science and NutritionPusan National UniversityBusanKorea
  2. 2.Department of ChemistryPusan National UniversityBusanKorea
  3. 3.Department of Biological and Chemical EngineeringChongqing University of EducationChongqingChina
  4. 4.Department of Food and NutritionSungshin Women’s UniversitySeoulKorea