, Volume 32, Issue 2, pp 233-239
Date: 07 Nov 2012

Relationship between lifestyle choices and hyperuricemia in Chinese men and women

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We aimed to explore correlations between lifestyle choices and hyperuricemia in a large Chinese population, emphasizing the differences from opposite sex. Ten thousand four hundred fifty subjects were randomly recruited from Tianjin municipality in China. Hyperuricemia was defined as serum uric acid >420 μmol/L for men and >360 μmol/L for women. Demographic data, highest education degree, work type, commuting means, smoking and drinking status, exercise frequency, and quantitative assessments of dietary factors were collected. Anthropometric measurements and fasting blood tests were performed. Statistical analyses were conducted. Total hyperuricemic prevalence was 12.89 %, with male significantly higher than female. Body mass index, waist circumference, serum indices, and age displayed high correlation coefficients, and most lifestyle factors also showed significant correlations as well. Binary logistic regression models showed odds ratio of developing hyperuricemia were much greater in males than in females by eating habits. However, physical activity-related lifestyle choices tended to cast much greater influences on the likelihood of hyperuricemia in females. Lifestyle choices and hyperuricemia are closely related. For males, eating habits have greater influences on the likelihood of developing hyperuricemia. For females, lifestyle factors like work type, commuting method, and exercise have such effects.

Li Liu and Shanshan Lou as co-first authors contributed equally in this paper.