Clinical Rheumatology

, Volume 29, Issue 10, pp 1195–1197

Excellent therapeutic effect of tocilizumab on intestinal amyloid a deposition secondary to active rheumatoid arthritis

  • Daichi Inoue
  • Hiroshi Arima
  • Chiharu Kawanami
  • Yoko Takiuchi
  • Seiji Nagano
  • Takaharu Kimura
  • Sonoko Shimoji
  • Minako Mori
  • Sumie Tabata
  • Soshi Yanagita
  • Akiko Matsushita
  • Kenichi Nagai
  • Yukihiro Imai
  • Takayuki Takahashi
Case Report

DOI: 10.1007/s10067-010-1422-6

Cite this article as:
Inoue, D., Arima, H., Kawanami, C. et al. Clin Rheumatol (2010) 29: 1195. doi:10.1007/s10067-010-1422-6

Abstract

A 64-year-old woman suffering from progressive amyloid A (AA) amyloidosis of the gastrointestinal (GI) tract, associated with active rheumatoid arthritis, was transferred to our hospital due to hypovolemic shock. Although intensive care, including treatment with prednisolone and methotrexate, improved the hypovolemic shock, paralytic ileus became dominant instead of the marked diarrhea, suggesting the terminal stage of AA amyloidosis of the GI tract. Thus, we administered tocilizumab, a humanized anti-interleukin 6 receptor antibody (8 mg/kg, repeated every 4 weeks). Two weeks after the first injection of tocilizumab, serum AA rapidly returned to their normal ranges in accordance with the amelioration of paralytic ileus and systemic joint pain. Surprisingly, after three courses of tocilizumab treatment, colon biopsy revealed no amyloid deposition. Tocilizumab is a promising agent to treat secondary AA amyloidosis by strongly suppressing serum AA levels.

Keywords

Amyloidosis IL-6 Rheumatoid arthritis Tocilizumab 

Copyright information

© Clinical Rheumatology 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  • Daichi Inoue
    • 1
  • Hiroshi Arima
    • 1
  • Chiharu Kawanami
    • 2
  • Yoko Takiuchi
    • 1
  • Seiji Nagano
    • 1
  • Takaharu Kimura
    • 1
  • Sonoko Shimoji
    • 1
  • Minako Mori
    • 1
  • Sumie Tabata
    • 1
  • Soshi Yanagita
    • 1
  • Akiko Matsushita
    • 1
  • Kenichi Nagai
    • 1
  • Yukihiro Imai
    • 3
  • Takayuki Takahashi
    • 1
  1. 1.Department of Hematology and Clinical ImmunologyKobe City Medical Center General HospitalKobeJapan
  2. 2.Department of GastroenterologyKobe City Medical Center General HospitalKobeJapan
  3. 3.Department of Clinical PathologyKobe City Medical Center General HospitalKobeJapan

Personalised recommendations