, Volume 28, Issue 6, pp 693-697
Date: 13 Mar 2009

Anti-dsDNA antibodies in Brazilian patients of mainly African descent with systemic lupus erythematosus: lack of association with lupus nephritis

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Renal disease is associated with morbidity and mortality in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and anti-dsDNA antibodies with SLE immunopathogenesis. We investigated the dsDNA antibody profile of 84 Brazilian SLE patients, 27 with lupus nephritis. Thirty-six (39.1%) patients had dsDNA IgG antibodies shown in enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (454.7 ± 281.1 WHO units/mL), nine presenting renal disease. The following profile of dsDNA antibodies was demonstrated in Crithidia luciliae test: IgA (seven out of 36; 19.4%), IgG (22 out of 36, 66.1%); IgM (nine out of 36, 25.0%), and IgE (four out of 36, 11.1%). Two or three isotypes of dsDNA antibodies were observed in nine (25.0%) patients, while 11 (30.5%) were seronegative in the C. luciliae test. Patients with dsDNA antibodies had lower serum C3 and C4 when compared with SLE individuals without these immunoglobulins (P < 0.01 and P < 0.001, respectively). There was no association between any dsDNA antibody isotype and lupus kidney disease nor was anti-dsDNA IgM antibody associated with absence of nephritis.