Baysal, T., Peru, H., Oran, B. et al. Clin Rheumatol (2009) 28: 23. doi:10.1007/s10067-008-0976-z
The aim of this study was to assess the left ventricular diastolic function using conventional echocardiography and tissue Doppler imaging in children with familial Mediterranean fever. This study included 29 (13 males and 16 females) patients and 30 healthy subjects as controls. Body mass index was calculated and arterial blood pressure was monitored. After an overnight fast, venous blood samples were taken and serum amyloid A protein, C-reactive protein, serum-fasting glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, very low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol levels were measured. A complete 2-dimensional, M-mode, pulse wave Doppler, and pulse wave tissue Doppler echocardiographic examination was performed. There were no significant differences between the groups regarding age, body mass index values, systolic and diastolic blood pressures, heart rates, serum-fasting glucose, total cholesterol, triglycerides, high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, very low density lipoprotein cholesterol, and serum low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Serum levels of inflammatory markers were higher in patients’ group (C-reactive protein and serum amyloid A protein levels were 10.84 mg/dl, 22.32 mg/l in patients’ group, respectively, and 4.11 mg/dl, 3.65 mg/l, respectively, in the healthy controls.) Peak mitral A wave, E and A wave ratio differed significantly in both groups. There were statistically significant differences regarding parameters observed by tissue Doppler imaging such as E′m, A′m, E′m, and A′m ratio between patients’ group and controls. Tissue Doppler imaging provided additional information on left ventricular diastolic function. While systolic functions were in normal range, some of the diastolic function parameters were impaired in patients with familial Mediterranean fever during childhood.