, Volume 32, Issue 5, pp 445-450
Date: 09 Sep 2011

S100A2 level changes are related to human periodontitis

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Periodontitis is an inflammatory disease, which, when severe, can result in tooth loss, that affects the quality of life. S100A2 was previously identified as a component of gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) via proteome analysis, but it has not been investigated whether S100A2 plays a role in periodontitis. In this study, we analyzed mRNA expression of S100A2 in gingival tissues from normal and classified periodontal disease patients and compared it to that of S100A8 and S100A9. Quantitative real time-PCR revealed that the mRNA expression levels of S100A2, S100A8, and S100A9 were significantly upregulated in gingival tissues with gingivitis, moderate periodontitis, and severe periodontitis compared to normal tissues. In addition, S100A2 proteins in GCF and the conditioned media of lipopolysaccharide (LPS)-treated Jurkat cells were confirmed by ELISA. S100A2 protein levels were significantly higher in GCF in gingivitis and moderate periodontitis groups than in normal groups. S100A2 mRNA expression and protein secretion were also increased by LPS stimulation. Based on the up-regulation of S100A2 in LPS-stimulated immune cells, gingival tissues and GCF from periodontal disease groups, we conclude that S100A2 is a functional component in the immune response during periodontitis and may serve as a potential biomarker for periodontitis.