Virtual Reality

, Volume 17, Issue 2, pp 89–109

Interactive 3-D indoor modeler for virtualizing service fields

Authors

    • Center for Service Research, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
  • Kalaivani Thangamani
    • Center for Service Research, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
  • Masakatsu Kourogi
    • Center for Service Research, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
  • Andrew P. Gee
    • University of Bristol
  • Walterio Mayol-Cuevas
    • University of Bristol
  • Jungwoo Hyun
    • Center for Service Research, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
  • Takeshi Kurata
    • Center for Service Research, National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology
SI: Mixed and Augmented Reality

DOI: 10.1007/s10055-011-0202-1

Cite this article as:
Ishikawa, T., Thangamani, K., Kourogi, M. et al. Virtual Reality (2013) 17: 89. doi:10.1007/s10055-011-0202-1

Abstract

This paper describes an interactive 3-D indoor modeler that effectively creates photo-realistic 3-D indoor models from multiple photographs. This modeler supports the creation of 3-D models from photographs by implementing interaction techniques that use geometric constraints estimated from photographs and visualization techniques that help to easily understand shapes of 3-D models. We evaluated the availability and usability by applying the modeler to model service fields where actual workers provide services and an experience-based exhibit. Our results confirmed that the modeler enables the creation of large-scale indoor environments such as hot-spring inns and event sites at a relatively modest cost. We also confirmed that school children could learn modeling operations and create 3-D models from a photograph for approximately 20 min because of the easy operations. In addition, we describe additional functions that increase the effectiveness of 3-D modeling based on knowledge from service-field modeling. We present applications for behavior analysis of service workers and for 3-D indoor navigation using augmented virtuality (AV)-based visualization realized by photo-realistic 3-D models.

Keywords

Interaction 3-D indoor model Service field Augmented virtuality

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2011