Virtual Reality

, Volume 14, Issue 4, pp 221–228

Piavca: a framework for heterogeneous interactions with virtual characters

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10055-010-0167-5

Cite this article as:
Gillies, M., Pan, X. & Slater, M. Virtual Reality (2010) 14: 221. doi:10.1007/s10055-010-0167-5


This paper presents a virtual character animation system for real- time multimodal interaction in an immersive virtual reality setting. Human to human interaction is highly multimodal, involving features such as verbal language, tone of voice, facial expression, gestures and gaze. This multimodality means that, in order to simulate social interaction, our characters must be able to handle many different types of interaction and many different types of animation, simultaneously. Our system is based on a model of animation that represents different types of animations as instantiations of an abstract function representation. This makes it easy to combine different types of animation. It also encourages the creation of behavior out of basic building blocks, making it easy to create and configure new behaviors for novel situations. The model has been implemented in Piavca, an open source character animation system.

Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2010

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computing, Goldsmiths CollegeUniversity of LondonLondonUK
  2. 2.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity College LondonLondonUK
  3. 3.ICREA-Universitat de BarcelonaBarcelonaSpain