Virtual Reality

, Volume 10, Issue 1, pp 24–30

Interaction with co-located haptic feedback in virtual reality

Original Article

DOI: 10.1007/s10055-006-0027-5

Cite this article as:
Swapp, D., Pawar, V. & Loscos, C. Virtual Reality (2006) 10: 24. doi:10.1007/s10055-006-0027-5


This paper outlines a study into the effects of co-location (the term ‘co-location’ is used throughout to refer to the co-location of haptic and visual sensory modes, except where otherwise specified) of haptic and visual sensory modes in VR simulations. The study hypothesis is that co-location of these sensory modes will lead to improved task performance within a VR environment. Technical challenges and technological limitations are outlined prior to a description of the implementation adopted for this study. Experiments were conducted to evaluate the effect on user performance of co-located haptics (force feedback) in a 3D virtual environment. Results show that co-location is an important factor, and when coupled with haptic feedback the performance of the user is greatly improved.



Copyright information

© Springer-Verlag London Limited 2006

Authors and Affiliations

  1. 1.Department of Computer ScienceUniversity College LondonLondonUK