Pulsed polarization gradient cooling in an optical dipole trap with a Laguerre-Gaussian laser beam
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- Torii, Y., Shiokawa, N., Hirano, T. et al. Eur. Phys. J. D (1998) 1: 239. doi:10.1007/s100530050088
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We utilized a blue-detuned Laguerre-Gaussian (doughnut) laser beam to trap cold rubidium atoms by optical dipole force. ”Pulsed” polarization gradient cooling was applied to the trapped atoms to suppress the trap loss due to heating caused by random photon scattering of the trapping light. In this trap about 108 atoms were initially captured and the trap lifetime was 1.5 s, which was consistent with losses due to background gas collisions. This trap can readily be applied to atom guiding, compression, and evaporative cooling.