, Volume 1, Issue 3, pp 189-196

Genetic fine mapping of the Miyoshi myopathy locus and exclusion of eight candidate genes

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ABSTRACT

Miyoshi myopathy (MM) is an early adult-onset, autosomal recessive disorder characterized by weakness and muscular atrophy starting in the distal muscles. The disease locus has been previously mapped by linkage analysis to chromsome 2p using the microsatellite marker D2S291. Initial haplotype analysis of markers in families from three different origins (North American, Japanese, and Tunisian) suggested that the MM gene is located in a 4-cM region flanked by markers D2S292 on the telomeric side and D2S286 on the centromeric side. To delineate critical recombination events revealing a more refined localization of the MM gene, we have determined the pattern of segregation of 12 marker loci in two consanguineous families of Tunisian origin. In this study we have: (1) detected recombination events with the disease locus in one family, placing the MM gene most likely between markers D2S443 (CHLC.GGAA4D07.1876) and D2S2109; (2) generated a yeast artificial chromosome contig that spans approximately 3.8 megabases and extends from marker D2S358 to marker D2S286; (3) physically mapped 21 polymorphic markers, 5 genes, 3 STSs, and 1 EST within this contig; (4) detected and mapped a new polymorphism within this interval, allowing us to further reduce the MM locus to a 360-kilobase segment; (5) mapped the gene for the cytoskeletal protein β-adducin within the MM candidate region, failing to find a consistent pattern of mutation of this gene in our MM patients; (6) excluded seven other candidate myopathy genes from the Miyoshi locus.

Accepted: August 14, 1997