, Volume 10, Issue 4, pp 371-374
Date: 27 May 2009

SCA27 caused by a chromosome translocation: further delineation of the phenotype

Abstract

We report of a spinocerebellar ataxia (SCA)27 in a daughter and her mother whose karyotype is 46, XX t(5;13)(q31.2;q33.1). The translocation breakpoint is identical in both patients, disrupting the gene-encoding fibroblast growth factor 14 isoform b (FGF14-1b). Clinically, both show signs of SCA, although the daughter is the most affected with early onset cerebellar ataxia, microcephaly, and severe mental retardation. FGF14-1b is the predominant isoform in brain, where it interacts with the voltage gated Na channel. Fgf14−/− mice develop ataxia and paroxysmal dyskinesia and have cognitive deficits. One missense and one non-sense mutation in FGF14 have previously been linked to SCA27. Truncation of one allele in our patients suggests that haploinsuffiency of FGF14 can cause SCA27.