, Volume 3, Issue 1, pp 61-68
Date: 07 Feb 2014

On the Initialisation of Sammon’s Nonlinear Mapping

Rent the article at a discount

Rent now

* Final gross prices may vary according to local VAT.

Get Access


The initialisation of a neural network implementation of Sammon’s mapping, either randomly or based on the principal components (PCs) of the sample covariance matrix, is experimentally investigated. When PCs are employed, fewer experiments are needed and the network configuration can be set precisely without trial-and-error experimentation. Tested on five real-world databases, it is shown that very few PCs are required to achieve a shorter training period, lower mapping error and higher classification accuracy, compared with those based on random initialisation.

Received: 20 April 1999, Received in revised form: 08 July 1999, Accepted: 05 August 1999