In this study, we propose a model to describe the mechanism of ultrasonic fluorescence modulation based on the application of a modified diffusion approximation, which is derived from the radiative transfer equation with consideration of the varying refractive index. The model was evaluated by computation with finite element method (FEM) to simulate the physical phenomena of our previous experiments. The simulation shows that the measured power of the modulated fluorescence signal at the boundary of 40-mm-thick light scattering medium (scattering coefficient and anisotropy factor of 1.36mm−1 and 0.67, respectively) with the fluorophore located at the center was 10−20 of the incident laser power. The analysis based on the simulation results indicates the significant property of the modulation in which the modulated signal is combination including two processes generated from the variation of the refractive index and fluorophore concentration (the contributions of these are equivalent), whereas the contribution of the variation of the scattering coefficient is negligibly small. The profile of the fluorescence image and the characteristics of the quadratic relationship between the modulated intensity signal and the sound pressure are consistent with our previous experimental results.
mechanism ultrasonic fluorescence modulation finite element method