, Volume 4, Issue 5, pp 505-511
Date: 15 Feb 2014

Expression of CD5 on Hematogones in a 7-Year-old Girl with Shwachman-Diamond Syndrome

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We report increased numbers of hematogones in a 7-year-old girl with pancytopenia due to Shwachman-Diamond syndrome. Her hematogones expressed the T-cell marker CD5 as well as CD19, CD10, and CD20, and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase and HLA-DR. These findings suggest that hematogones are precursors of both CD5-positive B cells and CD5-negative B cells. Thus CD5-positive B cells in bone marrow may be derived from bone marrow stem cells, and not from the residual fetal B cells of yolk sac/liver origin. The finding of CD5 expression on hematogones also raises the possibility that neoplastic B cells of chronic lymphocytic leukemia, which characteristically co-express CD5 and CD19, may be derived from CD5-positive B-cell precursors in bone marrow and not from mature B cells in lymph nodes.

Received September 15, 2000; accepted April 25, 2001.